Knott County, Kentucky Literacy Institute

Excellence in Reading Instruction

Pamela Petty, Ed. D.
Assistant Professor of Literacy, Department of Special Instructional Programs, Western Kentucky University
Kandy Smith
Project Coordinator, State Improvement Grant
University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Teaching should be organized in such a way that reading and writing are necessary for something, rather than taught as a motor skill and not a complex cultural activity (Vygotsky, in Dixon-Krauss, p. 184).

Bibliography of Books Shared during Literacy Institute, July 11 - July 15, 2005

Day One:  Best Practices in Literacy Instruction

Quest for the Best - Forget the Rest:

Things have Changed:

Example of one school system's implementation/organization of Four-Blocks Framework for Literacy Instruction: and

4-Blocks Literacy Framework e-Resources:

Definition of Reading Terms:  

Balanced Literacy Handbook (grades 1 - 5):

Reading Instruction that Works (workshop by Cheryl SIgmon):

Self-Assessment Checklist for a Balanced Literacy Classroom:

Self-Assessment checklist for Excellent Reading Teachers:


Day Two:  Four-Blocks Writing

Creating Writers with Creative Writing:

bulletIdeas for writing using Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day and The Secret Knowledge of Grown Ups.

Judith Viorst reading Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day:

Writing in the Classroom

Resources, Lesson Plans and Activities for KINDERGARTENS The Write Source
K-3 Resources writing - paragraph construction
Children's Literature  
Writing Prompts for each Grade Level
Writing Links for Teachers
  Harcourt Grammar Glossary
Learning Resources Graphic Organizers Integrating the Internet

Create Vocabulary Worksheets On-line. Make your own Vocabulary Worksheets!

  Road to Reading

Writing in the Classroom Rubric, Rubrics, Teacher Rubric Makers - Create Timeline

Creating Writers with Creative Writing Professional Resources for Writing

Literature-Based Writing

 Pigs in Our Language (creative "piggy-back" writing)

Sharpen Your Child's Writing Skills KET On-Demand Writing (download prior to 17Jan03)
Graphic Organizers Writing Process
English Language Arts Writing Instructional Philosophy and Teaching Suggestions Write-On! The Writer's Workshop!

What is kindergarten’s role in writing?

bullet ED331030 1991-06-00 Reading and Writing in a Kindergarten Classroom. ERIC Digest.
bullet Kindergarten Writing Rubric
bullet Lesson Search Lesson Plans-Language Arts-Grades K-2-Writing
bullet Lesson Exchange Author Study For Kindergartners (Elementary, Literature)
bullet Mid-Kansas Independent Academy Curriculum List Communication Kindergarten Writing

What should students be doing at each grade level regarding writing?

bullet Curriculum Publications
bullet Beyond Standards

How often should students at each grade level be writing?

bulletevery day - without exception

How do you build a writing program?

bullet Write Source Writing Topics

How do teachers build their confidence for implementing writing in the classroom?

bullet - for writers of all ages and stages



The Write Life

How do we teach children to develop voice in their writing?

bulletUse real quality literature as a model.
bulletTeachers model by using their own writings as examples.

How do you effectively conference with students? What are some techniques for conferencing with 2nd and 3rd graders?

bullet Writing Conference Form

Explain the use of the Socratic method in the writing process.

  2. New Beginnings
  3. Guess What Kids!

Please address apathy for at-risk and the effect on the writing process.  Suggestions?

bulletWacky Web Tales

Different strategies for open-response questions (basically we use the four column method)


Strategies for making writing exciting.

bullet Mother Goose Rebus Rhymes-Enchanted Learning Software
bullet KIDiddles (TM) - Mojo's Musical Mouseum
bulletFunny poetry for children
bullet Bare Books HomePage

Planning Sheet for Writing:

Day Three:  Four-Blocks Guided Reading

Pre-During-Post Reading Strategies: 

bullet Resources for Pre/During/Post Strategies

Making Sense of Pre/During/Post:


Koala Lou - Mem Fox

bullet (on-line unit of study built
around 4-Blocks Framework for Literacy Instruction and including:


vocabulary development




working with words


Directed Reading Thinking Activity


during reading


post reading




Self-Selected Reading


Olivia - Ian Falconer
bullet (WebQuest including pre/during/
and post reading)


The Polar Express - Chris van Allsburg
bullet (WebQuest including vocabulary,
pre/during/and post reading)


Theory, Identity, and Practice: A Study of Two High School English Teachers' Literature Instruction

Reading Assessment Database for Grades K-1-2

Graphic Organizers in Secondary Schools

Bloom’s Taxonomy Model Questions and Key Words

Readers Theater:

PBS Kids:  Between the Lions:

bulletBeautifully illustrated stories to read on-line, print, and share.  Also includes games, literacy tips for parents and teachers. 

Vocabulary Instruction:


Recommended Literature:

Repeated Readings:

Planning Sheet for Reading:

Day Four:  Four-Blocks Working with Words

Phonemic Awareness:


Strategies for Phonemic Awareness


Read/Write/Sing Lesson Ideas:


Bank Street:


Phonemic Awareness Activities for the Classroom:

         Strategies for Phonics Instruction


Word Play:



Spill and Spell


Smart Mouth


Take Four


Leveled Readers and easy decodables:
(30 free)


50 Way to Improve Reading


Enchanted Learning (word games and poems):


Word Plays:

Word Wall Cheers:

Making Words: - interactive on-line

On-Line Riddles:

Spelling:  What do I do with my spelling books? Cheryl Sigmon

Spelling and Vocabulary:  Helping Parents Understand Vocabulary and Spelling by Cheryl M. Sigmon

Sort, Hunt, Write:  A Weekly Spelling Program:


Day Five:  Four-Blocks Self-Selected Reading and Synthesis of Instruction


Interactive Read Alouds


Meanwhile Back at the Ranch - Trinka Hakes Noble  (repetitive refrain)


McCracken (Bob and Marlene) Educational Materials:  "The Old Woman and Her Pig"

Robert and Marlene McCracken's Stories, Songs and Poetry to Teach Reading and Writing Literacy through Language
(Peguis, 1987 ISBN 0-920541-35-6) is far from new, but it has some wonderful techniques for helping readers interact with text.


Readers Theater:

Guess What?  (riddle poems):

Giggle Poetry:

Falling Up - Shel Silverstein

Joyful Noise: Poems for Two Voices - Paul Fleischman

Recommended Literature:

Souvenir Bits - A Developmental Process:

bulletFor every book a child reads (or heads via teacher read aloud) an "artifact" representing the book is placed in a bag (or box) so that the child can link the story to an object and retell the story (or information in the case of an expository book.)

A Bit of a Story (home version of Souvenir Bits):

bulletSummer/home connection to keep adding objects to a bag or box so that children can better recall and retell stories or information.

Building Blocks (Kindergarten)

Emergent and Early Literacy:

Kindergarten Book Units (9 in all):

Article on the Difference Between Four-Blocks and Building Blocks:

Pre-School Library:

Read, Write, Sing Lesson Ideas: - fabulous photo books to print and many others to purchase at very low prices. 

Kindergarten Handbook for Reading and Writing:

General Resources

Enchanted Learning:

bulletOver 16,000 webpages that connect to all content areas, interests, and topics of study. 
Appropriate for K-3, free or banner-free membership as options.  Of particular interest are the rebus rhymes
and Mother Goose pages:

Think Reading!

bulletOffers interactive on-line learning in skills/strategies ranging from beginning sounds, to multiple meaning words,
to levels of text comprehension. 

How the Leopard got his Spots by Rudyard Kipling:

bulletBeautifully illustrated classic is a perfect way to introduce porquoi stories. 

Want to develop a poetry collection?  This site has a large selection that can be printed.  You may find the banners more than a little annoying, but the content is good:

Interactive Unit Planner:

bulletAllows you to build a unit (or lesson plan) on-line.  Step-by-step, prompts you to include all critical information, and provides helpful readings/resources.  You can print the lesson plan or have it emailed to you to save. 

Four-Blocks Literacy Chatboard:

bulletVisit this site to ask questions, read other posts, and share your ideas.

Collection of links to on-line sites for all of the 4-blocks:

bulletBe sure and check out "Watson's Word Wall" and the "Teacher's Desk" - amazing resources!

Curriculum Units:


click on Curriculum Units -- then on Sample Units to get an idea of what these incredible units look like. 
Thought this might help as you work on your standards-based units.

Composer and Publisher (downloadable writing software): - very reasonable pricing 

Ideas for Inclusion of Pictures: posts photos every day which have been submitted by iwon viewers:
User photos, pet photos, celebrity photos, and fashion photos are available to download to your computer and use in your classroom
in PowerPoint presentations, hard copy print outs for activities, and as springboards for vocabulary development, writing, and visual links
to content area instruction. has a daily multimedia webpage that chronicles video, photo slide shows, and images from current events and special
happenings around the world:
bulletInteresting High-Speed (super slow motion) video clips:  The super slow-motion playback lets you visualize effects
that cannot be seen with the naked eye or with a standard video camera.


Toolbox:  Crossword maker, Wordsearch maker, Word scrambler, Text scrambler, Code maker and
Maze maker all in one: (about $23.25 US)

Vocabulary Word Map:

Promoting Vocabulary Development:

Electronic Venn Diagram:




On-Line Dictionary:


Authors and Illustrators on the Web:

Wacky World of Words: 

Frayer Method: (vocabulary strategy for providing DEPTH of understanding)

Sponge Vocabulary Ideas:

Flashcard Exchange:  - free service unless you want to be able to print your cards, then a small subscription is necessary. - on-line resource

Playing with Words - Margie Golick (book)

The Play of Words - Richard Lederer (book)

Cornerstone® developed three complete units of study over Click, Clack, Moo, Joseph had a Little Overcoat, and The Fox and the CrowThese units are FANTASTIC for ALL learners!  You have got to see these to believe them! - Scroll down to "teaching units" (right side of screen). 

Judy and David's On-Line Songs: - not what you think!!

Lesson Plans on the Internet:

bulletA large databank of lesson plan collections.

Language Arts Links:

Talking to Parents (part 1):

Talking to Parents (part 2):




07/18/2005 07:35:10 PM -0500   Hit Counter